Montes Ponce , Marcosaturnino (2009) Les obrajes dans la cartographie historique de la Nouvelle Espagne. Sauvetage de la memoire du patrimoine industriel de l'ancienne juridiction de Coyoacan. [Magistrali biennali]
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During the colonial period, the ancient jurisdiction of Coyoacan, which was near to Mexico City, was characterized by an economical developments based in the production of woollen textiles by ten “obrajes” that were in that zone. This sort of manufactures was settled in the territory thanks to the richness of hydraulic sources provided by the rivers which come from the near mountains. In the nineteenth century the “obrajes” perished but the textiles production in the territory continued through the mechanized factories. Consequently, it is evident that a fundamental part of the history and identity of this part of the town was defined by the textile industrial activity. Thus, its recognition as industrial heritage is necessary. In this way, we claim that the rescue of the historic memory of this kind of textile manufactures through means of iconographic sources, especially of the historical cartography, is vital. The analysis of these sources establishes the bases for the realization of true research projects from the point of view of the industrial archaeology. And also the rescue of the memory justify and legitimize the insertion of the woollen textile “obrajes”, within the management and diffusion circuit of the cultural heritage from the current south region of Mexico City.
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