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Zaffani, Mariachiara (2011) Lo scavo paleontologico: il caso del sito delle "Ciampate del Diavolo"€a Roccamonfina (Ce). [Laurea triennale]

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The paleontological site of “Ciampate del Diavolo” (which means “Devil’s trails”) is located on the northwestern slope of the Roccamonfina volcano, at the boundary between Campania and Lazio provinces, in Southern Italy. It preserved several human footprints impressed over a volcanic surface, particularly on an ignimbrite flow deposit known as the “Brown Leucitic Tuff” or BLT, dated at 385-325 ka (Luhr & Giannetti, 1987), Middle Pleistocene. The impressive preservation of these footprints was possible thanks to the lithification process due to zeolites formation. These zeolites belong to the chabazite and phillipsite groups. From a legislative point of view, paleontological sites are considered “beni culturali” (which means “cultural heritage”), so they are considered as any other archeological site and excavation. Despite the regulations, “Ciampate del Diavolo” paleontological site did not follow the standard procedure for the concession of excavation: the “Tora e Piccilli” municipality asked directly to “Soprintendenza dei beni culturali” the authorization, who allowed it directly, without asking to “Ministero dei Beni Culturali”. The footprints are short and very broad; they are entaxonic, plantigrade, with an average length of 24 cm and an average width of 10 cm. They are articulated into three main trackways: trackway A, B and C (Avanzini et al., 2008). The three main trackways show us the different choices of way of the hominids. These tracks provide unique insight into the activities and the way of thinking of some of the earliest known Europeans (Mietto et al., 2003). Reconstructions of the Roccamonfina hominid suggest that this presapiens was 156 cm tall and his velocity was calculated with Alexander method (1984) and it results 1,09 m/s (Avanzini et al.,2008). Actually, the methods applied during the cleaning of the site consist of squaring, sieving, data interpretation and hard work! During the last cleaning of the site on October 2010, we found out different evidences, including animal and maybe human trackways on the surface near the catwalk and anthropic remains of a quarry activity. Nowadays, researches on “Ciampate del Diavolo” keep on in order to preserve and exploit this amazing paleontological site.

Item Type:Laurea triennale
Corsi di Laurea Triennale:pre 2012- FacoltĂ  di Scienze MM. FF. NN. > Scienze geologiche
Uncontrolled Keywords:Scavo paleontologico ; Roccamonfina ; Ciampate
Subjects:Area 04 - Scienze della terra > GEO/01 Paleontologia e paleoecologia
Codice ID:29583
Relatore:Mietto, Paolo
Correlatore:Santello, Lisa
Data della tesi:22 July 2011
Biblioteca:Polo di Scienze > Dip. Geoscienze - Biblioteca
Tipo di fruizione per il documento:on-line per i full-text
Tesi sperimentale (Si) o compilativa (No)?:Yes

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