Vai ai contenuti. | Spostati sulla navigazione | Spostati sulla ricerca | Vai al menu | Contatti | Accessibilità

logo del sistema bibliotecario dell'ateneo di padova

Pistilli, Anna (2015) "Datazione al radiocarbonio di malte storiche: messa a punto di un protocollo di purificazione del legante = Radiocarbon dating of historical mortars: optimization of the binder purification protocol". [Magistrali biennali]

Full text disponibile come:

PDF (Tesi)


The radiocarbon dating of inorganic materials such as lime mortars proved to be an innovative approach for the dating of the architectures, that allows to confirm data from the evaluation of the typological criteria, based on the archaeological stratigraphy. The tested method provides a an essential support where the dating obtained by the traditional method presents considerable limits. The protocol developed in this study is based on the CryoSoniC method, a physical-mechanical separation of the binder, focused on the separation of the binder from the aggregates and its purification from the potential contaminants that could affect the dating. The binder separation procedure, preceding the mortar dating, is followed to numerous analysis for the characterization and the control of the samples in order to test the quality of the isolation of the binder and the presence of contaminants. The procedure has been tested on 16 samples from archaeological site of Torba (province of Varese, Lombardy) which presents many construction phases between the Roman age and the early Middle age, therefore are represented various production techniques. The characterization of the samples prove the success of the binder purification protocol by sedimentation for the separation of the binder fraction from the sand fraction (aggregate), that permits to obtain reliable radiocarbon dates when the process of carbonation is prevalent on the pozzolanic reaction (that produces hydrate phases (C-S-H) and anionic clays). The samples dated through the accelerator mass spectrometry have been choosen based on three parameters: the ratio between the carbonate fraction and the silicate fractions of the sample, the stable carbon isotopes ratio δ13C, the intensity of the luminescence observed under microscope. In the cases where at least two parameters of three are satisfied, the results of the dating are in agree with the archaeological datas (Brogiolo et al. 2013), otherwise, the results from the binder taken directly from the mortar, the lime lumps and the samples made up of a high amount of clay are postdated if compared the expected date. The results show, on one hand, the successful of the separation and purification of the binder fraction from the sand fraction (both carbonate and silicate) of the mortars, on the other hand the real possibility to predict the reliability of the results through the mineralogical and isotopic characterization of the sedimented fraction

Item Type:Magistrali biennali
Corsi di Diploma di Laurea:Scuola di Scienze > Geologia e geologia tecnica
Uncontrolled Keywords:Datazione radiocarbonio, Malte storiche, Datazione 14C inorganici
Subjects:Area 04 - Scienze della terra > GEO/07 Petrologia e petrografia
Area 04 - Scienze della terra > GEO/05 Geologia applicata
Area 04 - Scienze della terra > GEO/09 Georisorse minerarie e applicazioni mineralogico- petrografiche per l'ambiente ed i beni culturali
Codice ID:50639
Relatore:Artioli, Gilberto
Correlatore:Addis, Anna and Secco, Michele
Data della tesi:27 November 2015
Biblioteca:Polo di Scienze > Dip. Geoscienze - Biblioteca
Tipo di fruizione per il documento:on-line per i full-text
Tesi sperimentale (Si) o compilativa (No)?:Yes


I riferimenti della bibliografia possono essere cercati con Cerca la citazione di AIRE, copiando il titolo dell'articolo (o del libro) e la rivista (se presente) nei campi appositi di "Cerca la Citazione di AIRE".
Le url contenute in alcuni riferimenti sono raggiungibili cliccando sul link alla fine della citazione (Vai!) e tramite Google (Ricerca con Google). Il risultato dipende dalla formattazione della citazione e non da noi.

Alexander L.E., Klug H.P (1948) Basic Aspects of X-Ray Absorption in Quantitative Diffraction Analysis of Powder Mixtures. Analysis Chemistry, 20 (10), p 886–889. Cerca con Google

Baquerizo L.G., Matschei T., Scrivener K. L., Saeidpour M., Wadsö L. (2015) Hydration states of AFm cement phases. Cement and Concrete Research 73, p 143–157. Cerca con Google

Berger R. (1992) 14C Dating Mortar In Ireland, Radiocarbon, Vol. 34(3), p 880-889. Cerca con Google

Bindu J., Aswathi B. (2010) Effect of Concentration of Dispersing Agent on the Grain Size Distribution of Fine Grained Soil, Indian Geotechnical Conference, December 16–18. Cerca con Google

Bragg W.L. (1913) The Diffraction of Short Electromagnetic Waves by a Crystal, Proc. Cambridge Phil. Soc., 17, p 43-57. Cerca con Google

Brogiolo G.P., Chavvarìa Arnau A., Giacomello F., Marinato M. (2013) Scavi e ricerche 2013-2014 del complesso di Torba (VA). Cerca con Google

Bruni S., Cariati F., Fermo P., Cariati P., Alessandrini G., Toniolo L. (1997) White lumps in fifth- to seventeenthcentury AD mortars from northern Italy. Archaeometry 39(1), p 1–7. Cerca con Google

Budhysutanto W.N.,VanDenBruele F.J., Rossenaar B.D., VanAgterveld D., VanEnckevort W.J.P., Kramer H.J.M. (2011) A unique growth mechanism of donut-shaped Mg–Al layered double hydroxides crystals revealed by AFM and STEM–EDX. Journal of Crystal Growth vol.(318), p 110–116. Cerca con Google

Carta Geologica d’Italia in scala 1:100.000, fogli 15,16, 17, 31, Vai! Cerca con Google

Changling H., Makovicky E., Osbæck B. (1995) Pozzolanic reaction of six principal clay minerals: activation, reactivity assessments and technological effects. Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 25, p 1691-1702. Cerca con Google

Charola A.E., Henriques F.M.A. (2000) Hydraulicity in lime mortars revisited, in: Bartos P., Groot C., Hughes J.J., Proceedings of the International, RILEM workshop “Historic Mortars: Characteristics and Tests”, Paisley, RILEM Publications: 5-105. Cerca con Google

Christidis G.E. (2011) Advances in the Characterization of Industrial Minerals, TMU notes in mineralogy, vol. 9, Mineralogical society, London. Cerca con Google

Cruciani G., Guagliardi A. (2006) Analisi quantitativa: metodi tradizionali e Rietveld. Cerca con Google

Dal Corso J., Gianolla P., Newton R.J. , Franceschi M., Roghi G., Caggiati M., Raucsik B., Budai T., Haas J., Preto N. (2015) Carbon isotope records reveal synchronicity between carbon cycle perturbation and the “Carnian Pluvial Event” in the Tethys realm (Late Triassic). Global and Planetary Change 127, p 79–90. Cerca con Google

De Marchi M.P. (2013) Castelseprio e Torba: sintesi elle ricerche e aggiornamenti - articolo: Per una storia religiosa di Castelseprio: il complesso di Torba e la chiesa di S. Maria Foris Portas di Brogiolo G.P. SAP Società Archeologica s.r.l., p 213-254. Cerca con Google

Dotsika E., Psomiadis D., Poutoukis D., Raco B., Gamaletsos P. (2009) Isotopic analysis for degradation diagnosis of calcite matrix in mortar. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry vol. 395, p 2227–2234. Cerca con Google

Fontana L. (2012) Relazione geologica e geotecnica a supporto interventi di ampliamento dei cimiteri di Carnago e Rovate mediante la realizzazione di nuovi loculi. Cerca con Google

Frencia R. (2012) Composizioni degli intonaci. Analisi macroscopica e osservazioni geologiche, Le indagini diagnostiche, p367-369. Cerca con Google

Frost R.L., Martens W. N., Erickson K.L. (2005) Thermal decomposition of the hydrotalcite - Thermogravimetric analysis and hot stage Raman spectroscopic study. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, Vol. 82, p 603–608. Cerca con Google

Gaft M., Reisfeld R., Panczer G. (2005) Modern Luminescence Spectroscopy of Minerals and Materials. Ed.Springer., Berlin Heidelberg, p 45-118. Cerca con Google

Hale J., Heinemeier J., Lancaster L., Lindroos A. e Ringbom Å. (2004) Dating Ancient Mortar. American Scientist vol.91, p 130-137. Cerca con Google

Heinemeier J., Ringbom Å., Lindroos A., Sveinbjörnsdóttir Á.E. (2010) Successful AMS 14C dating of non-hydraulic lime mortars from the Medieval churches of the Åland Islands, Finland. Radiocarbon 52(1), p 171-204. Cerca con Google

Hill R. J., Howard C. J. (1987) Quantitative phase analysis from neutron powder diffraction data using the Rietveld method. Applied Crystallography 20, p 467-474. Cerca con Google

Jenkins R., Snyder R.L., (1996) Introduction to X-ray Powder Diffractometryin. vol. 118 in Chemical Analysis J.D. Winefordner ed., Wiley-Interscience Publication, New York. Cerca con Google

Klug H.P., Alexander L.E. (1974) X-Ray Diffraction Procedures: For Polycrystalline and Amorphous Materials, 2nd Ed.,Cap.7, New York. Cerca con Google

Kosednar-Legenstein B., Dietzel M., Leis A., Stingl K. (2007) Stable carbon and oxygen isotope investigation in historical lime mortar and plaster – Results from field and experimental study. Applied Geochemistry vol.23, p 2425–2437. Cerca con Google

Kosednar-Legenstein B., Dietzel M., Leis A., Stingl K. (2008) Stable carbon and oxygen isotope investigation in historical lime mortar and plaster – Results from field and experimental study. Applied Geochemistry, vol. 23, p 2425–2437 Cerca con Google

Lazzati M. (2014) Il carbonio-14 e le datazioni archeologiche, ver. 7.0. Cerca con Google

Libby W. F. (1952) Radiocarbon dating, Univ. Chicago Press. Cerca con Google

Lindroos A., Heinemeier J., Ringbom Å., Braskén M., Sveinbjörnsdóttir Á. (2007) Mortar dating using AMS 14C and sequential dissolution: Examples from medieval, non-hydraulic lime mortars from the Åland Islands SW Finland. Radiocarbon 49(1): 47-67. Cerca con Google

Lindroos A., Ranta H., Heinemeier J., Lill J. (2014) 14C chronology of the oldest Scandinavian church in use. An AMS/PIXE study of lime lump carbonate in the mortar. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 331, p 220–224. Cerca con Google

Litherland A. E. (1987) Fundamental od accelerator mass spectroscopy. Phil. Trans. A-The Royal Society Publishing, 323, p 5-21 Cerca con Google

Madsen I.C., Scarlett N.V.Y., Cranswick L.M.D., Lwin T. (2001) Outcomes of the International Union of Crystallography. Commission on Powder Diffraction Round Robin on Quantitative Phase Analysis: samples 1a to 1h. Journal of Applied Crystallography, vol. 34(4), p 409-426. Cerca con Google

Mannoni T. (1984) Metodi di datazione dell’edilizia storica, Archeologia Medievale, 11, pp. 396-403. Cerca con Google

Marzaioli F., Borriello G., Passariello I., Lubritto C., De Cesare N., D’Onofrio a., Terrasi F. (2008) Zinc reduction as an alternative method for ams radiocarbon dating: process optimization at circe. Radiocarbon, Vol. 50(1), p 139–149. Cerca con Google

Marzaioli F., Lubritto C., Nonni S., Passariello I., Capano M., Terrasi F. (2011) Mortar Radiocarbon Dating: Preliminary Accuracy Evaluation of a Novel Methodology. Anal. Chem. 83, p 2038–2045. Cerca con Google

Marzaioli F., Nonni S., Passariello I., Capano M., Ricci P., Lubritto C., De Cesare N., Eramo G., Castillo J.A.Q., Terrasi F. (2013) Accelerator mass spectrometry C-14 dating of lime mortars: Methodological aspects and field study applications at CIRCE (Italy). Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B 294, p 246-51. Cerca con Google

Massazza F. - Properties and applications of natural pozzolanas, in: Structure and Performance of Cements (2002), edited by Bensted J and Barnes P., cap. 13, p 326-352. Cerca con Google

Milanesio M. (2006) Diffrazione da materiali policristallini i: principi e campi di applicazione, nel libro "Analisi di Materiali Policristallini mediante Tecniche di Diffrazione". Cerca con Google

Muller A.R. (1977) Radioisotope Dating with a Cyclotron, New Series, Vol. 196(4289), p 489- 494. Cerca con Google

Müller G. (1964) Methoden der Sediment-Untersuchung, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart. Cerca con Google

Munsell A. (1957), Soil colour chart, Baltimore. Cerca con Google

Nawrocka D., Czernik j., Goslar T. (2009) 14C dating of carbonate mortars from polish and israeli sites. Radiocarbon, vol. 51(2), p 857–866. Cerca con Google

Nonni S., Marzaioli F., Secco M., Passariello I., Capano M., Lubritto C., Mignardi S., Tonghini C., Terrasi F. (2013) 14C mortar dating: the case of the medieval Shayzar citadel, Syria. Radiocarbon, vol. 55(2–3), p 514–525. Cerca con Google

Norma UNI 11176 (2006) Beni culturali, Descrizione petrografica di una malta. Cerca con Google

Pachiaudi C., Marechal J., Van Strydonck M., Dupas M., Dauchot-Dehon M. (1986) Isotopic fractionation of carbon during co2 absorption by mortar. Radiocarbon, vol. 28(2A) p 691-697. Cerca con Google

Parenti R. (1987) Una proposta di classificazione tipologica delle murature postclassiche, in conoscenze e sviluppi teorici per la conservazione di sistemi costruttivi tradizionali in muratura, Padova (pp 49-61). Cerca con Google

Park W.K., Koa S., Leea S. W., Choa K., Ahna J., HanbC.(2008) Effects of magnesium chloride and organic additives on the synthesis of aragonite precipitated calcium carbonate. Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 310(10), p 2593–2601. Cerca con Google

Passariello I., Marzaioli F., Lubritto C., Rubino M., D’Onofrio A., De Cesare N., Borriello G., Casa G., Palmieri A., Rogalla D., Sabbarese C., Terrasi F. (2007) Radiocarbon sample preparation at the CIRCE AMS laboratory in Caserta, Italy. Radiocarbon, vol. 49(2), p 225–232. Cerca con Google

Peccerillo A., Perugini D. (2005) Introduzione alla petrografia ottica, Morlacchi Editore, Perugia. Cerca con Google

Pecchioni E., Fratini F, Cantisani E. (2008) Le malte antiche e moderne tra tradizione ed innovazione, Bologna. Cerca con Google

Pesce A., Ball R. J., Quarta G., Calcagnile L. (2012) Identification, extraction, and preparation of reliable lime samples for 14c dating of plasters and mortars with the “pure lime lumps” technique. Radiocarbon, Vol 54(3–4), p 933–942. Cerca con Google

Pope G.A. (2013) Weathering and Sediment Genesis. In: John F. Shroder (ed.) Treatise on Geomorphology, Vol. 4, p. 284-293. Cerca con Google

Reed S. J. B. (2005) Electron Microprobe Analysis and Scanning Electron Microscopy in Geology, Cambridge University Press. Cerca con Google

Rietveld H. (1969) A profile Refinement Method for Nuclear and Magnetic Structures. Cerca con Google

Ringbom Å. (2011) The Voice of the Åland Churches– New light on Art, Architecture and History, published by Ålands Museum, Form: April Kommunikation, Vaasa Graphics 2011, Chapter 3. Cerca con Google

Rozalén M.L., Huertas F.J., Brady P.V (2009) Experimental study of the effect of pH and temperature on the kinetics of montmorillonite dissolution. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73, p 3752–3766. Cerca con Google

Ruddiman W.F. (2013) Earth’s climate, past and future, Appendice 2. Cerca con Google

Sachan A., Mehrotra V. (2008) Evaluation of micro fabric of clay using atomic force microscopy. Current Science, Issue 95, p 1699-1706. Cerca con Google

Scarlett N.V.Y., Madsen I. C., Cranswick L.M.D., Lwin T., Groleau E., Stephenson G., Aylmore M., Agron-Olshina N. (2002) Outcomes of the International Union of Crystallography. Commission on Powder Diffraction Round Robin on Quantitative Phase Analysis: samples 2, 3, 4, synthetic bauxite, natural granodiorite and pharmaceuticals. Journal of Applied Crystallography vol. 35, 383-400. Cerca con Google

Stuiver M., Polach H. A. (1977) Discussion: reporting of 14C data, Radiocarbon vol. 19 (3), p 3555-363. Cerca con Google

Takeno N. (2005) Atlas of Eh-pH diagrams, Intercomparison of thermodynamic databases Geological Survey of Japan. Cerca con Google

Terrasi F., De Cesare N., D'Onofrio A., Lubritto C., Marzaioni F., Passariello I., Rogalla D., Sabbanese C., Borriello G., Casa G., Palmieri A(2008) High precision 14C AMS at CIRCE. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 266, p 2221–2224. Cerca con Google

Tuniz C., Kutschera W., Fink D., Herzog G.F., Bird J.R. (1998) Accelerator Mass Spectrometry: Ultrasensitive Analysis for Global Science, CPR Press. Cerca con Google

Van Strydonck M.J.Y., Dupas M. (1989) Isotopic fractionation of oxygen and carbon in lime mortar under natural environmental conditions. Radiocarbon, vol. 31(3), p 610-618. Cerca con Google

Zuccoli L. (2000) - immagine - Geologia dei pianalti di Casterlseprio e Tradate (Provincia di Varese), Italian Journal of Quaternary Sciences 13(1-2), p 57-80. Cerca con Google

Zussman J. (1977) Physical methods in determinative mineralogy, Academic Press, London. Cerca con Google

Solo per lo Staff dell Archivio: Modifica questo record