Cordoni, Giacomo (2018) Multiple Stellar Populations in Magellanic Clouds Clusters: disentangling between age spread and rotation. [Magistrali biennali]
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The color-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) of all the old Globular Clusters (GCs) host multiple sequences, which correspond to stellar populations with different chemical compo- sition and, possibly, different ages. Their origin is one of the most-intriguing open issues of stellar astrophysics and would provide new constraints on the assembly of the Galaxy and on the re-ionization of the Universe. The recent discovery of multiple main sequences (MSs) and extended main-sequence turn offs (eMSTOs) in the CMDs of young and intermediate-age clusters of both Magellanic Clouds has suggested that multiple populations are not a peculiarity of old GCs. In- deed the most-straightforward explanation of the eMSTOs is that young clusters have experienced a prolonged star formation in close analogy with what has been suggested for old Galactic GCs. In this case, the young clusters of the Large and Small Mag- ellanic Clouds (LMC, SMC) would provide the unique opportunity to investigate the multiple-population phenomenon a few hundreds Myrs after their formation. An alter- native interpretation of the complex features observed in the CMD of these clusters sees star rotation as responsible for the eMSTOs and the split MSs. In this case, intermediate- age MC clusters would be formed from a single star-formation episode. In this thesis I exploited HST archive data to disentangle the effects of age and rotation and constrain the origin of the eMSTO. I first reduced and analyzed HST images of the LMC cluster KMHK 250 and of the SMC cluster NGC 265, which have never been in- vestigated in the context of multiple populations. I discovered that both clusters exhibit the eMSTO and that NGC 265 shows a split MS. The fact that KMHK250 is a very-low mass clusters suggests that the presence of the eMSTO does not depend on the cluster mass. In addition, I analyzed the photometric catalogs of 27 young and intermediate-age clus- ters from the HST survey of multiple populations in Magellanic-Clouds clusters. I find that if an age spread is considered the responsible for the eMSTOs, the resulting age spreads strongly correlate with the cluster age. The comparison between the observed CMDs and simulated CMDs derived from Geneva models show that such correlation is due to stellar populations with different rotation rates. I conclude that there is no evidence for large age spread within young and intermediate- age Magellanic-Cloud clusters and that any internal age variation, if present, is smaller than 100 Myrs.
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